BNP chairperson Khaleda Zia will be indicted if she does not appear before a court in the capital in 11 cases filed on charges of violence and sedition.
Metropolitan Sessions Judge Kamrul Hossain Mollah passed the order on Tuesday.
Khaleda Zia had to appear in Dhaka Metropolitan Sessions Judges Court at around 11:00am, but she could not appear due to her illness, said her counsel Sanaullah Mia.
Eight of the cases were filed with Darussalam police station and two with Jatrabari police station on charges of violence in 2015 while the other was filed with a Dhaka court on sedition charge for her remarks on the number of Liberation War martyrs.
Last year, the police submitted the charge sheets against Khaleda and some 80 other leaders and activists of the BNP-led 20-party alliance in the 10 cases.
In all the charge sheets, investigation officers of the cases cited Khaleda as mastermind of the violence.
Earlier, Khaleda was granted bail in the cases of violence in August last.
Violence flared up in the country during a non-stop movement called by the alliance in 2015 for the last general election under a non-partisan government.
Meanwhile, Momtaz Uddin Ahmad Mehedi, a lawyer of the Supreme Court, filed a sedition case against Khaleda for her confusing remarks on the number of martyrs in the Liberation War in 1971.