A 100-day strike called by separatists in India's Darjeeling region has been called off after an appeal from the home minister.
The strike paralysed the estates that produce the famous Darjeeling tea and affected the tourism industry.
A statement from the Gorkha Janmukti Morch (GJM), which had led the strike, said the shutdown ended at 6am IST (0030GMT) on Wednesday.
The GJM wants a separate state for majority Nepali-speaking Gorkhas.
The movement was provoked by a decision of the West Bengal government to introduce Bengali as a compulsory subject in schools across the state, including in Darjeeling.
At the peak of the summer tourist season, tens of thousands of visitors were left stranded in the hills, with many desperate to get out after GJM leader Bimal Gurung said they could stay there, but only at their own risk.
The continuing strike had also begun to have a serious impact on livelihoods in the region, where many depend on tourism and the tea sector.
The tea industry employs some 100,000 permanent and temporary workers.
The Press Trust of India news agency said that despite the strike, many shopkeepers had started reopening over the past week in defiance of the ban.
"The decision was taken after Indian Home Minister Rajnath Singh's appeal to withdraw the strike," the PTI news agency quoted a GJM spokesman as saying.
In his appeal to the GJM, Mr Singh had said that "dialogue was the only way" to resolve problems.