Researchers say the heart attack known as MINOCA doesn’t involve obstructed arteries and is often dismissed as minor by medical professionals. Although often dismissed as minor, researchers have raised the alarm over a mysterious type of heart attack particularly common in women. It’s called myocardial infarction with non-obstructive coronary arteries (MINOCA).
MINOCA isn’t caused by obstructed arteries, which are the cause of most heart attacks. Researchers from the University of Alberta in Canada performed the first long-term study on MINOCA. Their findings were published in the International Journal of Cardiology.Dr. Suresh Sharma, a cardiologist at KentuckyOne Health not associated with the study, told Healthline, “The authors of this study should be congratulated for their efforts to shed light on the need for greater evaluation and management of these patients.” He believes that MINOCA isn’t being taken seriously enough by cardiologists.
Researchers found that while about one-quarter of common heart attack patients are female, women make up half of all MINOCA patients. The study also found that only 40 percent of these patients are provided with drugs that could potentially reduce their risk for a second heart attack. Sharma said these drugs “may include medications for congestive heart failure, anti-inflammatory medications or blood thinners.”
He emphasizes that treatment options should first be guided by understanding what caused a particular case of MINOCA. The reasons include inflammation of the heart and tiny tears in the artery that can’t be detected without special equipment. Sharma points out that emotion can powerfully affect heart health.
Sharma says this is a potentially fatal, stress-induced heart condition that occurs almost solely in women. When asked what people can do to minimize the risk of MINOCA, Sharma offered some simple advice. Experts noted that this type of heart attack hasn’t necessarily been taken seriously by medical experts in the past.
— Courtesy: Healthline.com