Satkania Upazila (Chittagong district) area 280.99 sq km, located in between 22°01’ and 22°13’ north latitudes and in between 91°57’ and 92°10’ east longitudes. It is bounded by Chandanaish upazila on the north, Lohagara (Chittagong) upazila on the south, Bandarban Sadar upazila on the east, Banshkhali and Anowara upazilas on the west.
Population Total 338563; male 168007, female 170556; Muslim 301614, Hindu 33287, Buddhist 35, Christian 3528 and others 99. Indigenous community such as Mogh belongs to this upazila.
Water bodies Main river: Sangu. Administration Satkania Thana was formed in 1917 and it was turned into an upazila in 1983.
Archaeological heritage and relics Dargaon Mosque (Satkania union), Deputy Mosque (15th century AD, Sonakania union), coins engraved with figure (13th century AD), Thakur Dighi (Satkania), Kotwal Dighi (Sonakania), Shiva Mandir (Dhemsa), Bomang Hat Church (Bazalia), Hindu Mandir (Kanchana).
History of the War of Liberation: On 8 August 1971 the Pak army captured 17 innocent people from Satkania Bazar and Swatipara and killed all of them. During the War of Liberation the Pakistan army launched plundering at Baniapara (south Satkania) and set on fire a number of houses.
Afterwards they killed twenty four innocent people.
Marks of the War of Liberation Memorial monument 1.
Religious institutions: Mosque 1025, temple 61, tomb 18, buddhist mandir 8. Noted religious institutions: Dharmapur Kalu Gazi Sikdar Mosque, Voalia Para Majher Mosque, tomb of Ajgar Shah ®, Satkania Sadar Sree Sree Dakshineswari Kali Bari, Dhemsa Chowdhury Bari Mandir, Kanchana Kali Bari, Sonakania Buddhist Vihara, Dhemsa Barua Para Church.
Literacy rate and educational institutions: Average literacy 46.2%; male 50%, female 42.6%. Educational institutions: college 5, secondary school 39, primary school 104, madrasa 80. Noted educational institutions: Healer Model Degree College (1949), Satkania Government College (1949), Satkania Model Mohila College, Bangladesh Rifles Training Academy, AKBC Ghosh Institute (1929), Amilais Kanchana Banga Ghosh Institute (1929), Satkania Ideal Pilot High School (1902), Dhemsa High School (1907), Rupkania Ideal Government Primary School (1880), Satkania Government Primary School (1890), Madhya Rupkania Ideal Government Primary School (1890), Manoabad Government Primary School (1905), Rupkania Government Primary School (1910), Garangia Islamia Kamil Madrasa (1920), Satkania Alia MU Madrasa, Darul Ihsan Mohila Dakhil Madrasa.
Newspapers and periodicals Asar Protik (defunct),’ Swadhinata Dibas Saranika (2003).
Cultural organisations Library 6, auditorium 1, press club 1, cinema hall 1, cultural organisation 5, playground 30.
Amusement centres Haludia Prantik Lake. Main sources of income Agriculture 35.64%, non-agricultural labourer 4.27%, industry 0.56%, commerce 20.31%, transport and communication 4.06%, service 14.71%, construction 1.77%, religious service 0.38%, rent and remittance 6.19% and others 12.11%.
Ownership of agricultural land Landowner 49.05%, landless 50.95%; agricultural landowner: urban 43.19% and rural 50.01%.’
Main crops Paddy, potato, mustard, ground nut, kalai, turmeric, cotton, vegetables.
Extinct or nearly extinct crops Sugarcane, maize, betel nut.
Main fruits Mango, blackberry, jackfruit, banana, litchi, papaya, guava, hog plum, coconut, pomgranate.
Fisheries, dairies and poultries Fishery 16, dairy 12, poultry 300, hatchery, nursery (fish) 10.
Communication facilities Pucca road 77 km, semi-pucca road 92.16 km, mud road 619.74 km; waterway 39 nautical miles.
Extinct or nearly extinct traditional transport Palanquin, horse carriage, bullock cart.
Noted manufactories Rice mill, flour mill, saw mill, timber industries, ice factory, welding factory.
Cottage industries Goldsmith, blacksmith, weaving, potteries, embroidery, wood work, bamboo work, cane work, tailoring, jute work, wool work, nakshi kantha, ‘net making.
Hats, bazars and fairs Hats and bazars are 30, fairs 8, most noted of which are Satkania Sadar Hat, Goringa Hat, Deputy Hat, Dewan Hat, Kerani Hat, Bomang Hat, Bangla Hat, Bangla Bazar, Baruni Mela, Parinirban Mela, Shakhyamuni Mela, Marja Khil Muharram Mela.
Main exports Banana, guava, ground nut, potato, cotton, bamboo and cane products.
Access to electricity all the wards and unions of the upazila are under rural electrification net-work. However 44.43% (urban 59.67% and rural 41.93%) of the dwelling households have access to electricity.
Sources of drinking water Tube-well 91.53%, tap 0.57%, pond 1.87% and others 6.03%.
Sanitation 47.32% (rural 45.18% and urban 60.33%) of dwelling households of the upazila use sanitary latrines and 39.18% (rural 40.46% and urban 31.43%) of dwelling households use non-sanitary latrines; 13.50% of households do not have latrine facilities.
Health centres upazila health complex 1, satellite clinic 5, family planning centre 17, community clinic 6, hospital 1.
Natural disasters the cyclones of 1976 and 1991 caused heavy damages to settlements, livestock, crops, forestry and other properties of the upazila. NGO activities operationally important NGOs are BRAC, ASA, Proshika. — Banglapedia