Some 87,000 undocumented Myanmar nationals (UMNs) have so far entered Bangladesh following an outbreak of violence on October 9 last year in the Rakhine State of Myanmar, reports UNB.
Though the influx slowed in late February 2017, more new arrivals from Myanmar were reported in July last, according to an assessment made by the International Organisation for Migration (IOM).
“Some 87,000 new arrivals since October 2016, with an increase in both makeshift settlements and host communities, due to newly arrived UMNs across the border from Myanmar in the month of July,” according to the report a copy of which obtained by UNB.
The majority of UMNs are living in Ukhia and Teknaf upazilas of Cox’s Bazar, a district bordering Myanmar identified as the main entry point for border crossing.
A total of 57 sites were assessed. Some 1,64,000 UMNs were identified in two upazilas of Cox’s Bazar.
An additional four sites with a population of 635, according to NPM Round 2 (April 2017), were not assessed in this round due to limited access.
Among those assessed, 52 percent are women and girls, said the report.
The National Strategy on Myanmar Refugees and Undocumented Myanmar Nationals (UMN) formulated by the government of Bangladesh highlighted that about 300,000 - 500,000 Rohingyas have crossed the border in the past and are living in Bangladesh.
Following an outbreak of violence on October 9, 2016 in Rakhine, an estimated 74,000 UMN have fled to Bangladesh from Rakhine until the influx become stable around 23 February 2017.
Needs and Population Monitoring (NPM) is designed to regularly and systematically capture, process and disseminate information to provide a better understanding of the movements and evolving needs of populations on the move, whether on site or en route.
Similar tools and methodologies have been successfully implemented over 60 countries, according to the IOM.
NPM was rolled out in March 2017. The assessments conducted in 3 makeshift settlements and 40 host community locations estimate 132,138 Individuals or 23,844 households are living the assessed locations.
The makeshift settlements host over 100,000 UMN in these 2 Upazila. The NPM estimates that 63,705 new arrivals are living in the assessed locations and 48 percent of them are sheltered in the three makeshift settlements.