JOYPURHAT SADAR UPAZILA: (Joypurhat district) area 252.18 sq km, located in between 25°01' and 25°13' North latitudes and in between 88°55' and 89°10' East longitudes. It is bounded by Panchbibi upazila and West Bengal state of India on the North, Khetlal, Akkelpur and Badalgachhi Upazilas on the South, Kalai and Khetlal upazilas on the East, Dhamoirhat upazila and West Bengal state of India on the West.
Population Total: 256691; Male: 134054, Female: 122637; Muslim: 225622, Hindu: 28921, Buddhist: 1134, Christian: 77 and others: 937. Indigenous communities such as Santal, Munda, Oraon belong to this upazila.Historical events on 24 February 1952 a public meeting was held in the playground of the government dispensary, with Golam Mowla Chowdhury in the chair, in protest of firing on the procession in Dhaka on 21 February student's gathering was also held there. During the period between 1954 and1955 the sugarcane cultivators of Joypurhat revolted against the autocratic activities and mismanagement of the Darshana sugarcane factory authorities. During the war of liberation Joypurhat was under Sector 7. On 23 March the flag of the independent Bangladesh was hoisted at Joypurhat. The Pak army raided Joypurhat on 24 April 1971. They, in collaboration with the Razakars and Al-Badrs made a surprise attack on village Barai-Kadirpur (predominantly inhabited by Hindus) of Bambu Union on 26 April and brutally killed about 371 people. On 5 October the Pak army killed about 300 innocent people at village Pagla Dewan while they were performing the Jumma prayer. Joypurhat was liberated on 14 December.
Marks of the War of Liberation Mass killing site: 1, Memorial Monument: 1.
Religious Institutions Mosque: 637, Temple: 46, Church: 8, Tomb: 2, Sacred Place: 1. Noted Religious Institutions: Kaitahar Mosque (Joypurhat Sadar), Central Jami Mosque (Joypurhat Sadar), Tomb of Nangapir, Tomb of Shahdat Awolia, Baro Shivalaya Mandir (1700 AD, Belamla), Parbati Mandir (Bhadsa), Khanjanpur Church Mission (1898, Khanjanpur).
Literacy rate and Educational Institutions Average Literacy: 52.3%; Male: 56.9%, Female: 47.3%. Educational Institutions: College: 7, Technical College: 3, Secondary School: 58, Technical School: 1, Primary School: 91, Madrasa: 39. Noted Educational Institutions: Joypurhat Government College (1972), Joypurhat Government Women's College (1972), Joypurhat Girls' Cadet College (2006), Khanjanpur High School (1901), Khanjanpur Mission Girl's High School (1911),' Uchai Jerka Adivasi High School (1925), Teghar High School (1940), Ramdeo Bajla Government High School (1946), Joypurhat Government Girls' High School (1977), Hanail Nomania Kamil Madrasa (1918), Uttar Joypur Bilateral Dakhil Madrasa (1918), Joypurhat Siddiqia Senior Madrasa (1965).
Newspapers and Periodicals Daily: Nabanna; Half-Weekly: Uttar Simanta; Weekly: Abhijan, Joypurhat Barta, Bangadharani, Aloron, Bangladesh Ganabarta, Sangrami Ganabangla (defunct).
Cultural Organisations Library: 11, Club: 66, Press Club: 2, Cinema Hall: 5, Theatre Group: 2, Shilpakala Academy: 1, Women's Organisation: 2, Shishu Academy: 1, District Council Auditorium: 1, Theatre: 2, Theatre Centre: 1.Main sources of income Agriculture: 61.42%, Non-agricultural Labourer: 2.31%, Industry: 1.18%, Commerce: 13.62%, Transport and Communication: 5.13%, Service: 8.71%, Construction: 1.70%, Religious Service: 0.15% and others: 5.78%.
Ownership of Agricultural land Landowner: 59.94%, Landless: 40.06%; Agricultural Landowner: Urban: 47.52% and Rural: 63.34%.
Main Crops Paddy, Jute, Wheat, Potato, Sugarcane, Mustard, Vegetables. Extinct or Nearly Extinct Crops Bona Aman. — Banglapedia