LALMONIRHAT SADAR UPAZILA: (Lalmonirhat district) area 259.54 sq km, located in between 25°46’ and 26°00’ North latitudes and in between 89°20’ and 89°36’ East longitudes. It is bounded by West Bengal state of India and Aditmari upazila on the North, Kaunia and Rajarhat upazilas on the South, Phulbari (Kurigram) and Rajarhat upazilas on the East, Aditmari and Gangachara upazilas on the West.
Population Total: 289272; Male: 148625, Female: 140647; Muslim: 243486, Hindu: 45117, Buddhist: 448, Christian: 34 and others: 187.
Water Bodies Main Rivers: Dharla, Tista, Swarnamati.
Administration Lalmonirhat Thana was formed in 1901 and it was turned into an upazila in 1984.Lalmonirhat Municipality was formed in 1873. Lalmonirhat was the headquarters of the Western Railway since the British period.
Archaeological heritage and relics Subadar Monsur Khan Mosque (Nidaria Mosque); Harano Mosque, Sindurmati Pond, Hussain Sarabor (dry tank).
History of the War of Liberation In 1971 Lalmonirhat Sadar was under Mogalhat Sub-sector of Sector 6. On 4 April the Pak army took possession of the Lalmonirhat Airport. On 5 April, the Pak army, in collaboration with the Beharis sacked the area. On 9 November the Pak army captured a number of persons and killed them at the premises of the Araikhamar Dakbangalow. During the war of liberation the Pak army killed many Bangali Railway officers and staff. The Pak army was forced to leave Lalmonirhat on the face of the heavy attack by the freedom fighters on 4 and 5 December. Lalmonirhat was liberated on 6 December.
Marks of War of Liberation Mass graves 3 (pond on the backyard of the Rifle Battallion, backyard of Railway main building, well on the backyard of the Science Laboratory of Lalmonirhat Government High School); memorial monument 2; Martyr Dr. Zoha Memorial Sarani at the west side of the Railway over-bridge.
Religious Institutions Mosque: 607, Temple: 121, Church: 4, Sacred Place: 3. Noted Religious Institutions: Nidaria Mosque, Central Jami Mosque, Thanapara Jami Mosque, Baitul Majud Jami Mosque, Kali Mandir at Telipara, Shree Shree Bridheshwari Mandir, Puranbazar Church of God, Khata Para Bara Dargah, Sindurmati Tirtha, Bania Dighi Tirtha.
Literacy rate and educational institutions Average Literacy 45.5%; male 51.9%, female 38.8%. Educational institutions: college 10, secondary school 60, primary school 133, madrasa 59. Noted educational institutions: Lalmonirhat Government College (1964), Majida Khatun Government Women’s College (1988), Sheikh Shafi Uddin Commerce College (1991), Lalmonirhat Government Ideal Degree College (1994), Government Technical School and College (1978), Lalmonirhat Government High School (1919), Lalmonirhat Government Girls’ High School (1930), Church of God High School (1946), Kashipur Bilateral High School (1959), Railway Children Park Government High School (1960), Kobi Sheikh Fazlul Karim Girls’ High School (1986), Nesaria Alia Madrasa (1965).
Newspapers and periodicals Daily: Lalprovat (2000); weekly: Lalmonirhat Barta (1991), Janajani (1984); literary periodical: quarterly Chalaman (1984), Raktasurya’ (1977), Ashikar (1978); Bikash (1986), Sahitya Parishad Patrika (1990), Lalposter (1995), Monthly Roddur (2001), Sampriti (2005); defunct: Chalaman, Akata,’ Daruchini, Chharpatra, Idaning, Aurenna Radan.
Cultural organisations Library 79, Club 175, Cultural Organisation 12, Women’s Organisation 2, Auditorium 2, Jatra Party 4, Magic Performance Group 1, THEATRE Party 2, Cinema Hall 2.
Tourists spots Air Base, Mogalhat Zero Point, Tista Railway Bridge, Railway Park and Open Stage, Kutubkhana,’ Sindurmati, Lalmonirhat District Museum. Main sources of income Agriculture 62.45%, Non-agricultural labourer 3.46%, Industry 0.55%, Commerce 13.57%, Transport and Communication 3.06%, Service 8.18%, Construction 1.08%, Religious Service 0.17%, Rent and Remittance 0.35% and others 7.13%. Main Crops Paddy, Tobacco, Sugarcane, Potato, Maize, Vegetables.
Extinct or nearly extinct Crops Jute, China, Kaun.
Main fruits Mango, Jackfruit, Litchi, Betel Nut, Papaya, Shaddock, Coconut. — Banglapedia